De nomine situque montis Meliboci et de migratione gentium ex finibus illis

Chatti in Scotia

  1. Feles montruosae in Scotia
  2. Vestigia nominis Cattorum in Scotia
    1. Gens (Clan) Chattich
    2. Gens (Clan) Keith
    3. Caithness, Shetlandia

Feles montruosae in Scotia

Scotia non solum lacus Ness monstro, Nessiterate rhombopteryge, sed etiam monstruosis felibus praeclara est. 1 Societas Britannica Magnarum Felium [en](British Big Cats Society) photographias earum colligit. Ut lacus monstrum antiqua fama explicavit, sic altera monstra terrae:

[en] In the year of Christ four score and two 2 , there arrived [in Scotland] a great company of Germans named Catti , a valiant people of mighty bodies who were banished out of their native land for killing of a Roman general. 3 At their first arrival, their captain went onshore to spy the land, when he was suddenly invaded by a company of monstrous big wild cats that much molested the country. The fight between them was cruel, yet in the end he killed them all. From thence the thanes and earls of Catti, or Sutherland, even unto this day do carry on their crest or badge, above their arms, a cat sitting with one of its feet upwards ready to catch his prey. There is not a rat in Sutherland. And, if they do come thither in ships from other ports, which often happeneth, they die presently as soon as they do smell the air of that country. Robertus Gordon, baronettus primus
4 Ernst Brotuff 5

Non Catti immigrantes contra feles magnas proeliabantur, sed Picti, incolae Scotiae, contra immigrantes, quorum nomen Catti verbo Anglico felis, cat , similis est. Catti erant feles magnae!

Vestigia nominis Cattorum in Scotia

Gens (Clan) Chattich

Apud Dunrobin, in quo castello Robertus Gordon natus fuit, ad pontem antiquum per flumen Golspie Burn factum columna ponte antiquior de gente Chattich proelium committente admonet. Incriptio ex lingua gadelica in latinam translata:

Magnus vir (i. e. dux) Chatt congregavit ad caput pontis parvi gentem Chattich victoriosam
6 7

Gens (Clan) Keith

Nomen illius gentis (Catti, Chattich, Ceiteach) in Clan Keith mutatum est.

[en] The Keiths of Scotland claim descent from the German tribe of Chattie or Catti, who defied the Senate, foiled the second Caesar and, disdaining to submit to the overpowering force of Germanicus, escaped first to Holland, and, later, by chance and tempest, were driven to Scotland. This claim — legend, certainly; possibly fable — has never been waived by the family, and, in the sixteenth century, George, fifth Earl Marischal, was received by the Landgrove of Hesse, chief of the tribe of Chattie, as a kinsman. Annie H. Miles 8

Georgius Keith , marescalcus quartus, qui anno 1623 obiit, in historia familiae suae scripsit Chattos ancestores ab Romanis ex Germania expulsos esse:

fide et memoria recitabo, quae ante biennium ab illustrissimo nostro Comite de per vetusta Kethorum origine coram accepi, et quae ex doctissimorum hominum, C. Taciti, Munsteri, Fordonii, Boethii annalibus (qua erat doctrina, eruditio et ingenii praestantia) sese excerpsisse et deprompsisse dictitabit.
9 10

Caithness, Shetlandia

Nomina Pagorum, in quos Catti immigraverunt, Keith ness / Caith ness et Shet landia in Scotia septentrionali gentem indicant.

Ogston Chattos Edinburgum ( Chattinburgum ) condidisse putabat.


1 http://www.scotlandnow.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/pictures-mystery-beasts-spotted-over-3722822 - 2017-02-14

2Quater viginti et duo: paulo ante bellum Chatticum anno 83.

3 Suetonius: Vita Domitiani, cap. Ⅵ, 1.

Expeditiones partim sponte suscepit, partim necessario: sponte in Chattos, necessario unam in Sarmatas legione cum legato simul caesa; in Dacos duas, primam Oppio Sabino consulari oppresso, secundam Cornelio Fusco praefecto cohortium praetorianarum, cui belli summam commiserat. De Chattis Dacisque post varia proelia duplicem triumphum egit, de Sarmatis lauream modo Capitolino Iovi rettulit.

Non Chatti sed Sarmatae legatum occiderant et legionem destruxerant.

4 Gordon, Robertus: [en]History of the Earldom of Sutherland, from its Origin to the year 1630; scriptum ante annum 1650, editum anno 1830 Edinburgi.

5 Brotuff, Ernst: [de]Chronica von den Antiquitäten des Kaiſerlichen Stifts der römiſchen Burg und Stadt Marsburg an der Saale bei Thüringen; Nicolaus Wolrab; Buddeſſin; 1556.

6 https://c1.staticflickr.com/1/622/22190795882_a7fb22fb88_b.jpg

7 Imagines pontis

8 Miles, Annie H.: [en]The Keiths; in [en]Register of Kentucky State Historical Society, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Sept. 1903), p. 71

9 Ogston, Gulielmus (William): Oratio funebris, in obitum maximi virorum Georgii, Marischalli comitis, D. Keith & altre, [et]c Academiæ Marischallanæ, Abredoniæ, fundatoris, et mecoenatis munificentissimi, scripta, et pronuntiata a Gulielmo Ogstono, philosophiæ moralis ibidem professore, in auditorio publico, quinto ab exequiis die Iun.xxx; excudebat Eduardus Rabanus, Academiæ Typographus; 1623; p. 6

10 Kerr-Peterson, Miles: [en]A Classic Send-Off: The Funeral oration of Georg Keith, Fourth Earl Marischal (1623); in: Steven J. Reid, David McOmish: [en]Neo-Latin Literature and Literary Culture in Early Modern Scotland; p. 182.